Ayurveda means “the science of life” and is also known as the science of longevity.
It is the world’s oldest holistic health science and widely believed to be the mother of all of the world’s medical systems. It is a sister science to yoga and to Vedic Astrology (Jyotish).
- According to Ayurveda our bodies and all of creation are composed of 5 elements: Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth
- Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are the Sanskrit terms used to describe how these elements combine to form our bodies. They're called the three doshas, or tridoṣa.
- No two people have exactly the same combination of these elements and therefore no two people should be treated exactly the same. It is said, “one person’s poison is another’s medicine;” no one solution is right for everyone.
- Your Constitution: We are born with a particular combination of these 5 elements. This combination is called your basic constitution or prakruti, and is often expressed as a ratio of Vata, Pitta & Kapha. We all have all three, but in varying ratios.
- Your Current State: Though your basic constitution does not change, ratios of the three doshas in your body can change. The state of the doshas in your body at a given moment is called vikruti. We are basically balanced, when vikruti is the same as prakruti.
- The imbalanced state of element and dosha is what we call DIS-EASE. By bringing the body back into balance we can live a more harmonious and balanced life.
- The definition of health according to Āyurveda:
"Sama doṣa samāgnisca sama dhātu mala kriyāḥ |
prasannātmendriya manāh svastha ityabhidhīyate. || " Su. Sū. 15
"Balanced doshas, balanced agni (digestion/transformation), balanced tissues, malas (wastes) & bodily processes as well as bliss of mind, senses & soul in one established in Self."